Research studies on addiction treatment have grouped programs into several types. The treatment approaches and individual programs thrive to diversify and many substance abuse programs today, don’t qualify into the traditional drug addiction treatment classification.
But, mostly everyone begins with detoxification and medically handled withdrawal, which is deemed the first sign of the treatment. Detoxification is a process in which the body gets rid of drugs and is designed in order to handle the acute and potentially dangerous physiological disorders of stopping the drug use. As aforementioned, detoxification solely doesn’t address the social, psychological, and behavioural issues which are associated with addiction and hence doesn’t emit any lasting behavioural changes required for recovery. Detoxification should always be followed by a formal assessment and referral to drug addiction treatment.
Here are some types of substance abuse programs.
- Long term residential treatment
This treatment offer care for 24 hours a day, usually in a non-hospital setting. The most renowned treatment model is the TC or therapeutic community which involves a stay of 6 to 12 months. TC focuses on resocialization of the person and the use of the entire community of the program which encompasses other staff, residents, and the social context. This treatment is strictly structure and can be quite confrontational at times with activities which are designed to help the residents examine damaging beliefs, destructive patterns of behaviour, self-concepts and adopt a harmonious way of interacting with others.
- Short term residential treatment
These programs offer intensive care, but it is relatively based on a modified 12 step approach. These programs were designed to treat alcohol programs in the first place, but during the 1980s when the cocaine epidemic took place, many began to use other substance to get addicted. The original version of these treatment model had a 3 to 6 week hospital based treatment phase followed by an extended outpatient therapy and participation in a self help group like AA. It is important for the affected to remain engaged in the outpatient treatment programs and/or aftercare programs. It helps in reducing the risk of relapse once the patient departs from the residential settings.
- Outpatient treatment programs
It varies in the types and intensity of the services offered. They cost less than the residential or inpatient treatment and are suitable for employed people or extensive social supports. The low intensity programs provide a little more than the drug education. Other outpatient model like an intensive day treatment is compared to the residential programs in effectiveness and services. It also depends on the character of the patients and the needs as well.