Insulin resistance or IR is a condition where the cells of our body are resistant to the effects secreted by insulin. In other words, the usual response to a certain amount of insulin is reduced. This leads to requirement of higher amount of insulin to gain its proper effects and the pancreas also tries to produce more insulin. This resistance takes place due to the body’s response to the own insulin secreted or when the insulin is administered by an injection. When insulin resistance takes place, more insulin is secreted by the pancreas until it cannot produce the insulin any longer, which leads to a spike in the blood sugar levels. It can cause type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Read more on this here.
Insulin resistance is a component of the metabolic syndrome and is connected with a higher risk of confronting heart disease. Insulin resistance can cause type 2 diabetes. It can be caused both by lifestyle and genetic factors. There is no particular symptom of this disorder. It is associated with different medical ailments like arteriosclerosis, fatty liver, skin tags, acanthosis Nigerians, and reproductive dysfunctions in women etc. If the patients are of African-America, Native America, Latino or of Asian-American heritage, they have a higher chance of suffering from insulin resistance. It can be controlled by diet, medication and regular exercise.
Causes of Insulin Resistance
It can be caused by the following factors:
- Cigarette smoking
- During steroid use
- Infection or major illness
- Inactivity and over weight
- Older age
- Taking certain medications
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood.
What medical ailments are associated with this condition?
Type 2 diabetes
Diabetes is the primary sign of insulin resistance. IR can be diagnosed long before type 2 diabetes takes place. Patients who are reluctant or not able to visit a health care professional look for other medical attention when they are already diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance.
This is immensely associated with IR condition. Fat accumulated in the liver is the manifestation of the uncontrolled levels of lipids that appear with the insulin resistance. Fatty liver is connected with IR condition may be mild or severe in condition. Recent research recommends that fatty liver may also cause cirrhosis of the liver, or worse, liver cancer.
This is also referred to as atherosclerosis. Arteriosclerosis is a process of progressive hardening and thickening of walls of medium and large sized arteries. This condition is also responsible for:
- Coronary artery disease which further leads to angina and heart attack
- Peripheral vascular disease